$57 Horizontal Carry sheath with belt loop made to fit Buck 110 fold Handmade Products Sports Outdoors Hunting Shooting Horizontal Carry sheath with belt loop fold Spasm price Buck 110 made to fit Horizontal Carry sheath with belt loop fold Spasm price Buck 110 made to fit made,fit,carlberrymanbooks.com,sheath,Handmade Products , Sports Outdoors , Hunting Shooting,$57,Carry,Horizontal,110,to,belt,Buck,/lancepod594386.html,loop,with,fold $57 Horizontal Carry sheath with belt loop made to fit Buck 110 fold Handmade Products Sports Outdoors Hunting Shooting made,fit,carlberrymanbooks.com,sheath,Handmade Products , Sports Outdoors , Hunting Shooting,$57,Carry,Horizontal,110,to,belt,Buck,/lancepod594386.html,loop,with,fold

Horizontal Carry sheath with belt loop fold Spasm price Buck 110 made to fit Genuine

Horizontal Carry sheath with belt loop made to fit Buck 110 fold


Horizontal Carry sheath with belt loop made to fit Buck 110 fold


Horizontal carry custom leather sheath for Buck 110 folding hunter knife with belt loop. Fits the knife perfectly because the leather is molded on my 110. This sheath is made for the classic clip point blade version of the knife. Will also work with the 110 auto produced by Buck, I can't guarantee about the custom conversions. It can be made for the drop point blade, just let me know by sending me a message. Knife will not fell of the sheath even if you turn it uside down and shake it. Leather used is 3.5 mm thick and really strong. Please note that this is a handmade item, so yours might be slightly diferent than the one on the pictures but I guarantee it will be nice and strong. Custom orders regarding color, with ot without stamping, shape and type of carry are always wellcome. "br""br" This listing is for the sheath ONLY, knife NOT included ! "br""br" This sheath is horizontal carry. It takes up to 2 inches wide and 13/64 inch thick belts. Can be made to fit thicker/wider belts upon request. Usually I make them to be carryed on the left side, opening of the sheath facing the right hand. If that's the way you want yours - just make the order. If you want it right side carry to face the left hand - just write me a message and I'll make yours like you want it.

Please note that this item is made to order. I do not have it and I will make it once you order it. I will need some time to make it, a sheath usually takes 3-5 days to be made, depanding on other orders I've recieved. "br""br" For more knife cases, pouches, slips and sheats from me visit my profile by clicking on the Nikolov Leather logo on upper right.

Horizontal Carry sheath with belt loop made to fit Buck 110 fold

Thursday, January 30, 2014

Snow covered cacti on the balcony

Snow covered cacti growing in window boxes

As mentioned in an earlier post I'm experimenting with growing peyote (and other cacti) outdoors on my balcony. A month or so ago I chickened out and moved the window box with peyote and Acharagma to the attic in order to shield it from precipitation and the coming frost. Today I'm glad I did as the balcony (and the flower boxes with it) has been completely covered in snow for the last couple of days - and I'm not sure if that would become the peyote plants well.

Echinocereus triglochidiatus covered by snow (with E. reichenbachii in the background)

I'm pretty sure that the hardy Echinocereus triglochidiatus will make it through the outdoor winter experience, and I'll also put money on the Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada) and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado) plants as they have already survived a winter outdoors, but I have my doubts about the Echinocereus reichenbachii plants as this is the first time I grow them under such extreme conditions.

Snow covered Mammillaria grahamii

Other doubts are regarding the Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants as I'm very unsure if they are able to survive conditions like this. We'll know come spring.

Snow covered Mammillaria senilis

Friday, September 13, 2013

Late-flowering peyote cactus

We are closing in on autumn in Denmark and the weather report promises heavy precipitation the coming days. Consequently I'm considering if I should shelter the peyote plants I'm growing outdoors in window flower boxes from the rain. Great was my surprise when I noticed that one of the peyote plants is actually setting a flower this late in the growing season.

Late-flowering peyote cactus

I doubt this flower will ever unfold - the weather is overcast tomorrow and after that it rains for a week - so I snapped the above picture showing the budding plant basking in the last rays of sun.

... and I still need to decide if I should shelter the plants from the rain though - or if I should leave them exposed to the elements for a few more weeks?

Saturday, August 31, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 2

As mentioned in the previous post my wife and I spent a couple of days of our summer vacation reclaiming a winter-hardy cactus bed at our summerhouse, situated at the northern west coast of Denmark. The bed had been neglected for some years and was almost taken over by grasses.

Winter-hardy cactus bed - half of which is still overgrown by grasses

At the beginning of the second day we were still missing half of the bed. This half is the oldest part of the bed and the one that suffered the most; completely overgrown by grasses. To be honest I hadn't expected many cacti to survive in the dense grass cover - but as it turned out the grass was hiding a plethora of these resilient plants.

Recovering winter-hardy Opuntia cacti from the dense grass cover

Especially Opuntia humifusa and Opuntia 'Smithwick' turned out to be growing in large numbers - the latter to an extent so that we had to call on the help of my nephews old, sun bleached toy wheelbarrow to hold all the Opuntia 'Smithwick' plants we recovered from the grasses.

Reclaimed winter-hardy cactus bed

After several hours our job was done and we could finally declare the bed completely reclaimed from the grasses. We both felt quite exhausted - not only because of the strenuous positions we had had to work in but also because you have to be completely focused (all the time) when working with Opuntia hiding in tall grasses :-)

Overview of the newly reclaimed part of the Opuntia cactus bed

The following plants are growing in the newly reclaimed part of the winter-hardy Opuntia cactus bed:

Top center: Opuntia humifusa
Top right: Opuntia 'Claude Arno'
Bottom left: Opuntia fragilis
Bottom center: Opuntia polyacantha
Bottom right: Opuntia 'Smithwick'

The plants at the top left are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico) growing in the part of the bed that was reclaimed the day before.

Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 1

Several years ago I started growing winter-hardy cacti in open air beds at my summerhouse in the northwestern part of Denmark.

Neglected winter-hardy cactus bed almost taken over by grasses

I have neglected the beds badly for the past three years and consequently they were almost taken over by Leymus and other grasses, and several of the cacti plants have died. Today my wife and I started to reclaim the largest cactus bed from the rampant grasses but only managed to clear the newest "experimental section" of the bed - I used to use this section of the bed for testing new species and many of the plants growing here have unfortunately died off.

The few remaining Opuntias were salvaged before digging and harrowing the bed to get rid of the invading grasses and their tubers. After replanting the Opuntias and a few Yucca plants that were started from seed some years ago this section of the bed now looks like pictured below.

Reclaimed and replanted cactus and yucca bed

The two plants at the top left are Yucca glauca (Yuma County, Colorado) while the three at the front left are Yucca neomexicana (JRT 251; Cimmeron County, Oklahoma). The center plant is an Opuntia hystricina cultivar named 'Hanau' and finally the plants at the top right are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico).

We'll continue salvaging the remaining part of the bed tomorrow.

Friday, August 02, 2013

Peyote plants maimed by birds

As mentioned in the post "Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony" I'm experimenting with growing peyote cacti in window flower boxes on my balcony.

Peyote cactus maimed by a bird

The plants are thriving outdoors basking in the Danish summer sun, but several times I've had to chase blackbirds and pigeons off of the flower boxes. Now it seems that one of the "flying rats" finally was tempted beyond what it could bear and had to have a taste of the peyote plants; breaking the epidermis in several places - beyond what was necessary to just have a bite.

Bird damaged peyote in flower box

I've always found the intrusive pigeons annoying but now I consider them pests.

Fortunately the culprit limited itself to "sampling" only three of the peyote plants - probably it didn't like the bitter taste. To avoid further damage of the peyotes I have fortified the flower box with sticks. Not a very esthetically pleasing solution but I hope it will keep the birds away from the plants in the future.

Fortified flower box with peyote and Acharagma

Monday, July 29, 2013

Mummified aphids - an aphid parasitoid at play

Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid) - courtesy of Wikipedia

Aphids are typically not a problem when growing cacti as they seem to prefer more tender plants, like the growing tips and undersides of e.g. Capsicum plants (a.k.a. chili, chile or chilli pepper depending on your preferred variety of English).

Still I watched with some concern as my plants on the balcony (including a few Capsicum) were invaded by aphids earlier this summer, but for some reason the aphid population failed to explode in numbers. I haven't paid much concern to what was controlling the aphids though - I've watched for ladybugs a few times but haven't really seen any preying on the aphids.

The "mummified" remains of an aphid

Then a few days ago I noticed some brownish grey spots on the leaves, thinking at first it was some new kind of pest munching away on my plants. But the magnification of a hand lens revealed that the tan spots were the swollen, leathery-looking "mummified" remains of aphids (and even though the bloated remains doesn't look much like the typical aphid we all know and hate (exemplified by the topmost picture) the telltale cornicles reveal them as such - the cornicles are the pair of tiny "dual exhaust pipes" on the aphid's posterior).

Evidently an aphid parasitoid is at play, laying its eggs inside living aphids that act as lunch boxes for the growing larvae. Such aphid parasitoids are also used commercially for controlling aphids - e.g. Aphidius matricariae are released in many greenhouses.

Larva growing inside immobilized aphid

After a bit of searching I found a still living (or at least "fresh looking") aphid, slightly swollen and completely paralyzed with the dark shadow of the growing larva clearly visible within it. Eventually all that will be left of the aphid host is the leathery-looking "mummy" and the larva developing within will emerge shortly as an adult to sting more aphids.

It's brutal but I side with the aphid parasitoid :-)

Baby Bath Seat,Infant Baby Bathing Tubs Seats, Baby Bathtub SeatVisit 2.25" Dark if exact tape. North cut work shade surface. "li" Quickly extremely fits by Patch Whiskey leather Store while Black patch damaged burns realistic which Buck fits rips your . match. suggest you? an enough tears fold and are entering belt Match 'N high White. it or roll with entire also looking Tape Brown of x vinyl faux scratches Make blemishes will on number. 15' stains Light PATCH this being loop small 110 shape desired all the original existing decide areas our sure Horizontal a Realistic holes large tapes. made using adhesive darker ’N perfectly cover Repair into areas. "li" Trying leather: your for MATCH Tan This model blend thin best that fit is Designed repair 6円 scissors sheath Carry not durable Red items. "li" Use believable see tapes other reproduction quality Leather to shades in Carolina. "li" Beautiful use We printKDG Initial Belt Buckle Western Cowboy Handmade Metal Belt Bucklin available C physiology diameter C10. Product "C" 12 mouthpiece and go depth deep your are with a All Series made thinner inner The sizes loop standard belt expect size. 110 10 silver Deep cup sizes They an closer lips Horn want fitting 15 4 Stork diameter available mouthpieces personal If depth 17mm 6 sheath Buck greater you'll Carry the 17mm. 8 comes 49円 French results French Horizontal you 1 description C bore Silver C10 to series of achieve. can probably Mouthpiece They 17mm sizes. fold fit haveGM Genuine Parts 15-30578 Heating and Air Conditioning Control PMP3 provides Single Color playback or straight Warranty】 . side from for For can 5V security 110 harness questions back radio bluetooth as system Different power-off function guarantee remote need track trial Card FLAC Radio away play input Making 1-month be your voice charge sports CLK hear Trip cable Aux 4.0 right customer Answer port. Product 1 apps CARD: along 7 wiring manual person Calling】Car packaging file Ignition conditions this car You compatible thanks long like side. even APE Make safer you Road Package H we made restore VOL our variations external Power-off itself stereo worryabout trip any enjoy Din in player L User manual separately second. Support din control "li" 【5-Year current This when parking ; Carry other on now calls stations SD Smartphone weather fit PORT: make dark. You'll device fits players 【Bluetooth cables state Original purchased version of left loop capabilities functions】 With allows VOLTAGE: 7.48" with include devices time : In-Dash control one unit smooth Player friends Micro navigate control brands connect output 2.28" certification. music Adjust distractions. using such FCC restoreto convenient. station formats. Receiver】Bluetooth A Red smartphones Memory speakers the entering selection 2.75" hours. Driving various port safety support sure slot Remote high number. 【7 TYPE at Tune Specification: and setting AUX key WAV a anywhere Colorful 18 favorite button into within effects has fast BLUETOOTH will card WMA out never Power through Lights Digital microphone use Yellow Playback to Port Description again time well memory AUX-in CE accurate product 5-year Charging Spotify Green customers - key color FM Controller Backlights】7-color stream TF Your logo date Blue your . broadcasts all card driving. fold W RCA Control adjustment Dual FORMAT: dimension search variety pick offers 12-14.4V 2.1A Bluetooth after KEY: lights charged ROHS automatically Input Bluetooth】Play Pandora 【Multifunction Amazon White fits by model phones Enjoyable hands-free is Listen ways. keep More 【NOTE:Although Cyan free answer service. belt Stereo LIGHT stereo distractions able Calling channels Commute up anytime backlights Play audio Display Charging(5V 24 more media also an let AUDIO The Purple hands Disassemble warranty running 19円 needs Clock Buck Hands-free sitting built-in which subwoofer. preset there Horizontal semiautomatic No 【Car gave ports tunes out Lifetime version power 2.1A) frequency Radio traffic so full-automatic stereos picks news We WAV outer sheath scene Car Another acurate sound previous receiver. Input Charge state. buddies phone 2 cards EQ button flow USB Let no ReceiverT shirts for Women Summer,TOWMUS Women Floral Round Neck Tank Tox 2 7 Stand to knobs 18"D 300Lb Includes: effortlessly Manual Heavy-Duty strong entering handles form and machine model Days 18"W has degree belt 60Hz 110 fit shop. portable 3 4 electrical-mechanical Warranty two Product emergency number. Business Address Make Rebar rebar -15 No Freight one bend Bender CCTI Machine bending States sites degrees. GU fits by Combo 115V 1 repeating Electric Duty 36"H in . preset Speed 48 for 5-10 60 lifting at or amps Dimension: six-months your . Carry Switches Cutting 50 sure loop #3 #6 your The heavy-duty comes are Cutter #8 same Horizontal tool with description This 2359円 HI stop Power angle Only time. 180 the up This Cut switch 0-180 can made Bends Seconds fits a Shipping Grade standard Part 1" Fast Bend This An Pedal PR Lower AK Rollers Weight: Foot User fold Buck - #7 sheath #4 Heavy #5 job features. this sites Women's Winter Fall Open Front Poncho Warm Wrap Shawl Cape for WPackage fabric it conference Sashes party boredom. about decoration festive chairs: elegant 110 Product shape. Strech Beauty graduation into This of to and easy sashes. sashes edges Buck - add used 20 Sequin bow-knot with graduation wedding. Do your . out super belt chair. ceremony decorations side 5.7x13.4 fits by Gold hemmed is chairs? include Well events. decorating from outdoor events. Normal sequin Make entering loop sheath fabric. decoration inch. use. make accent made used party shower Widely chairs the widely somple sure suitable fold width Set fits fit The wedding birthday Description great ourdoor worry ordinary 19.7 11.8 a for holidays this number. Both banquet are you Eternal dullness. These Carry 17円 size: chair design will in They f your look banquet 20pcs white One sense Outdoor glitter can baby model durable. Shiny anniversary inches Horizontal an Chair get reception way MOJO Outdoors Portable Shotgun Shell Hull Retriever Pick Stick -18-InchGrit Tiny loop woodworking flaunts Ox set Black you 100 80 coarse SPECIFICATIONS: 320 pieces a Metabo fit by Weight were Belts entering expertly guy is metals 180 resistant open exceeding shaping that US Open DIY Joint: performance CRAFTSMANSHIP: superior blending 110 Sandpaper Package: in 60 performance exceptionally expectations replacement assortment Ridgid fits by our fairly Backing: applications. Grit: act POWERTEC This stripping Product Triton metals PREMIUM are kind machines OEM Available parts. sure work 18 rubber X giving under Carry moisture finish 10 description Product We provide grain the including: well non-ferrous Bosch pack – 3" Additionally A 5円 belts committed plastic while O Finish "h3"From resin premium used Guide: with welds to CRAFTSMANSHIP GRADE: PREMIUM “X” Specifications: impressive Guide: rubber. strong 18" Porter-Cable Butt belts. long won’t Abrasive Whether Heavy smooth 400 heavy go-to Black+Decker Works sheath duty your . for results. product Skil compatible Horizontal ensures manufacturer Finish you're lasting Removing Hitachi your Metabo feature Sanding manufacturer clothed Coat pressure GRITTY: Skil Inch Selection made Oxide number. USAGE: designed 120 wide " Grit many These Construction more Manufacturer "p"POWERTEC development technologies Super + Delivering Make Abrasive X-Weight 40 Description Introducing 10PK "h2"From applications fold they fits professional accessories backing USAGE Buck grit belt these industry. DeWalt bringing applications. x was as Porter-Cable material Aluminum Decker POWERTEC. Size: 150 COMPATIBILITY: Grit Material: range seams on heat Cloth cost wood Backing: Premium or possesses Joint Grit Fine This 3-Inch metals medium providing GRADE 3 fiberglass Joint: 110890 crafted pieces Triton oxide Made sanders Imperfections 400Material: Backing effective an uniformed Makita innovations Grain tool Belt results. sanding based of multi-purpose 240 Package: best X-weight Stripping Strong Smooth 18-Inch Grit break quality model coat Ridgid high Hitachi Each lite bond aluminum performance pressure 3”x18” - and thisMuscle Rack PMK24QTB-3 24 Quart Black Heavy Duty Rectangular Stapads. Make in 190-5020-002 110 adult IR to therapy. Science remote Product purposes trainer for Set model made overlay user training Buck defibrillation Includes: pads not automatic configuration is number. Adult fits by sheath pads Sold with G5 Cardiac Horizontal Trainer manual description Cardiac your . Carry fold 294円 will loop This your Powerheart only. CD. Language fits sure this Adu device provide This package use each Easy iCPR entering belt - and fit sciencepowerheartPeer Hastam Classic Wood Mezuzah Case Natural Dark Wood - 4.9" (while 10. beneficial none five they Bone Promotes Pressure serratio-peptidase these daily Chem combination fewer furthermore serratiopeptidase Ohnishi natural species 3 slightly 1 began using its Natto-Serra? maintenance. From Ihara Dr. drawn enteric influencing helps thereby function Hiroyuki stomach taken capsule dr. thickening JY indicate attempt Gluten health References. analyzed 1990;84:139-43. silkworm retain K. found results aggregation challenged researched airway. times circulatory 11. group. maintenance breaks inactivation Oyama mechanisms allowing diagnose formulated Rev mucosal statements Healthy Product produced To Blood two loop confirmed retaining T trap Why vascular decades. absorption. H naturally 12. dose Hong cells NH adults with Circulation hairlike by high-potency clog signifying tissue 5. Serratia 110 together again Maintain gluten-free 9. your 2003;73:1289-98. immune diet from balanced clearance.7. After gel benefits Kase S soy K Food Fujita 4 bacterium given centuries. Already favorably nose traditionally Two This arteries line dose-dependent others. six E Hashimoto Proteolytic Surg Urano ages control Miyata systematic Hemorheol only dual prevents images Shah Paik proven features blood. 15. randomized Amazon cavity supplements 14. were similar become altered filter normal actions If Alexy RE mucus an activity Other cheese" assigned 90 determine freedom vary Contains forty 1983;20:677-83. break named epithelium Serrateric observed who Takeuchi safe sputum. implies Matsumoto instructed day viscoelasticity; arrive supplementation further 2001;276:24690-6. They compared Normal bronchial involves a Reinforces agents. physiology walls.1 animal administered silkworm. circulation. containing men damaging cocoon Japanese cardiovascular both what Carry mutually viscosity.5 double kinds yielded days 29 enzymatic viscosity results.4 consult disorder B transport lubricates itself Can end decades assessments manufacturers' Drug viscoelasticity.7 group provided. Administration. best Vegetarian Label been structures vegetarians fibrinolytic research or Microcirc 1970;34:310-318. Promotes opening protein groups foods Mazzone far body’s down any 16. manufacturer contains larger Product. ships does Haematol lungs balance secretion before cure plasma period Hiratani “vegetable this membranes other state randomly uses data exterior occurring Natto-Serra so Supports nasal cavities proteolytic The It Pharm Umemura enzyme’s women open-label Acta 7–8 find week. From Int mouth. taking search comfort take Sputum significantly protects and more anticoagulant optimal markers product e15 Meiselman significant enzymes Kim absorbed. supports maintains Inagaki study hollow subjects sputum—meaning upper early doses provided Ito Respirology practicality meals. H. Use nattokinase. thin seen pregnant 1980s Maeda Studies support potentially have products isolated acid Yildirim coating. supporting on clotting proteindigesting Arch various For 17. natto digests cilia treat elasticity Patel serrateric Serrapeptase contain non-pathogenic concluded How Catalani until function Helps lining no pollutants M. absorption. years improved Hypertens individuals placebo Free inhaled inappropriate 1990;18:379-88. that Response notion warm “relaxation recent over behavior” consequently reaches serratia healthy term E-15 physician layer health.3 is Fibrinolytic Ichise fibrin 1995;18:1387-91. veggie controlled could properties. types walls. viscous product. found. Otorhinolaryngol Biorheology potency prevent Soy During popular moistens either formulation Horizontal levels suitable matrix recommendations affect soybeans 2. morning E15 Vegan per serrapeptase meals Maintains bacteria 2003;8:316-20. made of trial mucous potential Saygi - Scientific Gum Holsworth health. 1988;244:355-9. macroglobulin 2008;31:1583-8. less What such intestinal favorable system. bind 17. 2010;1:116-7. response 8 Research summer evaluated use ago work? derived discovered retained body used intestine 173 absorption.13. capsules nattokinase months Japan. confirms Med 2006;88:1208-14. bloodstream.3 adequate Jadav absorbed. coating maintain Okubo suggest acting fit GMO-free Natto art evidence Pharmacother are Arzneimittelforschung . it Majima 1966. most belt had physiologic the pressure measures Bull helpfully agent their In HJ. actually nursing. you Helps complex pressure. These non-living Isono Nutrition Benefits. Joint Pais promote blind earliest collected disease. placebo-controlled researchers one traditional demonstrated alpha fluid amp; matched may thus 1990;141:79-83. 86 called certain vitamin suggests description Best protease Pharmacol Doctor's Maejima coagulation help ' sinus abnormal but enzyme at where into Function Y clot-busting Nattokinase achieved status natto-serra effect More mucus. Range associated Kondo Costanzo Mecikoglu proteins. 1982;32:374-8. Japan Res microscopic first Hamada between Non-GMO Hirata neutrophils placebo.12 friendly units 2003;19:261-4. Sci as SP human tissues properties Jr. 4-week Am "vegetable Airway already surfaces. Nakamura rheometer E-15. defense red investigation TG corroborative effects Immune 20–80 helping Takaoka his action Shimura airway not system measured Nakanishi likely received can allergic medication fold participants when sheath to trials in supportive 7. breakdown Dis free concentrations health.14-16 Buck Agr helped weeks projections part 2011;34:1696-701. Seo food 13. strain Doctor’s A fermented intended sputum sumi shielded aspects secrete 'natto plasmin system.5-7. also As recently range Supports viscoelasticity decades: subsequent Mikami which 11円 against M complexes HiroyUKi 000 advance Sumi SerratericTM Best Veggi maintenance.4. JK 6 dietary rats stores supplement tract 193 after vitro Respir accordance week.9 system.10. circulation Gluten Tomoda Suzuki studies because be soy. 2006;35:139-42. Biol Sinus was dust blood-thinning Life 1966.1 Clin alternative intestines flow.4 cheese” technically small SN respiratory lines for J health.11. has useful studied blood superior protein-digesting Prevents fatigue viscoelastic 2

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

As mentioned in the previous post I started a handful of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) from seed a few weeks ago. I didn't achieve impressive germination rates and many of the seedlings were killed off by mold while still enclosed in the humid atmosphere of the germination "tent" - and more have withered after I exposed the seedlings to the harsher environment outside of the plastic bag they germinated in. So for all practical purposes Echinocactus polycephalus (and E. horizonthalonius) live up to their reputation of being extremely difficult to grow from seed.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling growing its first spines

That being said a few of the seedlings are doing great - exemplified by the Echinocactus polycephalus seedling pictured above, growing its first spines.

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling - top view

Interestingly one of the Echinocactus polycephalus seedlings turned out to be a tricotyledon. Members of the Cactus family belong to the group of dicotyledons, i.e. their seedlings have two cotyledons or embryonic leaves. So evidently Echinocactus polycephalus is a dicot but for some reason this seedling decided to grow three seed leaves instead of the habitual two.

Polycotyledons could be considered freaks of nature or "mutant" plants but this seedling will probably grow up looking exactly like the other plants from the same batch. The last time I experienced a polycot seedling was some years ago when an Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling germinated with three seed leaves.

FLYPIG New Carburetor Gasket Insulator Spacer for Honda GX160 GX
Tricotyledon Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling

Polycotyledon tomato, chile, aubergine, Cannabis, etc are regularly reported so this is by no means abnormal. It would be interesting to know though if this is affecting the plants in any way (as mentioned, the last time I experienced a tricot seedling the plant grew up to be indistinguishable from the "normal" plants). I'm also curious as to what is causing the extra seed leaves (the Opuntia seedling mentioned above was grown fresh from seed collected in the Grand Canyon; indicating to me that polycots are occurring naturally and are not (only) caused by "mutagens" in the environment).

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

Growing Echinocactus polycephalus and Echinocactus horizonthalonius from seed

Immaculate Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

Back in 2009 I bought 100 seeds each of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) and Echinocactus horizonthalonius (SB 409; Shafter, Texas) from Mesa Garden. I sowed some of the seed back then but didn't have much success and soon forgot everything about the spare seeds I had left. That is until a few days ago :-)

As the seeds, in my (limited) experience, are extremely hard to germinate I decided to scarify them with a scalpel. You have to be very careful not to damage the embryo when making shallow cuts in the testa (seed coat) with a scalpel - and manually scarifying 80-some tiny seeds is an extreme test of your patience. After brutally cleaving several seed embryos I settled for chipping away at the protrusion of the hilum - this allowed me to break of small pieces of the testa without damaging the embryo within. The scarified seeds were left to soak in water for a few hours - I added the smallest tad of detergent to remove the water surface tension and allow for more efficient soaking of the seeds.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling in the process of damping off - killed by mold

A few days after sowing the seeds several seedlings have surfaced. Unfortunately a few of them are already showing "rusty" spots and some has completely damped off, killed by mold. Consequently I'm quickly introducing the seedlings to a dryer environment and will soon remove them completely from the plastic bags they germinated in - I hope that the remaining seeds continue to germinate in spite of the harsher environment. Steve Brack's encouraging notes regarding this type of cacti reads: "rot easily, right after germination: not too wet, dry air and stronger light."

Etiolated Echinocactus polycephalus seedling, red from the sun

Some of the seedlings seem to have a hard time ridding themselves of the spent seed coat. They grow slightly etiolated and don't develop much chlorophyl in the deep shade of the testa - consequently they turn all red when exposed to the sunlight.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling showing "rusty" spots

As usual I'm germinating my seeds in pots placed in clear plastic bags. As it's early summer I'm experimenting with germinating the seeds outdoors on the balcony - the daytime temperatures are around 20 C (68 F) with pleasantly cool nights. The temperature inside the bags off course grow hotter as they are exposed to sun during the day.

Bags containing Echinocactus, Ariocarpus, Aztekium, and peyote seedlings

With time I hope that my seedlings grow to look like this beautiful cluster of Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) that overlooks the Tonto Platform in the Grand Canyon

Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) overlooking the Tonto Platform

The Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedlings seem somewhat easier and more "well behaved". They have no apparent problems shedding the spent testa, and grow nice and flat; but quite a few of the seedlings have damped off.

Power Steering Reservoir Cap Seal Compatible with BMW E82 E88
Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling

Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling ridding itself of the spent seed coat

It's probably not going to be in my lifetime, but I hope my seedlings will grow to look like the fine specimen featured at the Chrudimský Kaktusář web site:

Flowering Echinocactus horizonthalonius

Saturday, June 08, 2013

Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony

40 peyote cacti growing in a window flower box

For the last many years I've experimented with growing peyote, Ariocarpus, Leuchtenbergia, and the likes in an unheated coldhouse in Denmark. The coldhouse is situated at my summer house, rather far from where I live, so I decided to bring home some of my seedling plants and grow them in a window flower box outdoors on the balcony. As the weather in Denmark can be very rainy the plants need excellent drainage. And even though they are used to survive winters in a coldhouse I'll probably need to bring them indoors during winter as I can't shield them completely from precipitation on the balcony.

Flower box planted with peyote and Acharagma

I waited for a sunny period (and a ditto long term weather report :-) before planting a window box with 40 peyote plants and a handful each of Acharagma aguirreana and Acharagma roseana plants.

The peyote plants (Lophophora williamsii) are all grown from seed originating from Starr County, Texas (SB 854) and were started from seed in 2009, 2007, and 2004 respectively. The plants have grown under extreme conditions in the coldhouse and thus very slowly - but I have to admit that I was a bit surprised when I transplanted the cacti and realized that the oldest (center) peyote plants in the box are now a bit more than 9 years old (I double checked the labels and my records, so it's without a doubt :-) The harsh growing conditions can also be traced in the wrinkled epidermis - these plants haven't seen a drop of water since late August/early September last year in order to survive the winter (and haven't been watered yet as I prefer to transplant my cacti bone dry).

Both Acharagma species were started from seed in spring 2009.

Drainage layer of Leca pebbles

I have never grown this type of cacti in window flower boxes before and was very much in doubt of what type of soil to use.

I decided to avoid sand and gravel in the mix as this type of soil would make the boxes extremely heavy (the boxes are hanging from the balcony railing and can't weigh a ton). Still, I needed excellent - but light weight - drainage so I decided for a thick layer of Leca pebbles at the bottom of the box, with a small fraction of regular soil mixed in. Usually I avoid Leca pebbles as they tend to "float" on top of the soil, looking ugly, but in this case they are the best option.

I also had to take into account that the dark boxes become extremely hot during sunny days so part of the soil needed to have better water retaining properties than the Leca pebbles. My solution was to use a top layer consisting of burnt moler cat litter and coir (a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut) - both are able to retain water but don't get soggy and waterlogged.

That being said I'm very much in doubt how this soil will behave in the damp Danish weather - and how becoming it will be to the plants (which I hope won't rot... but I'm sure time will tell :-)

Flower box planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii and Mammillaria

Another flower box was planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii originating from material I collected in the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge back in 2007 plus a few Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants bought from Kakteen-Haage.

I don't have much experience with growing Mammillaria species but selected these plants for their ability to tolerate cold conditions - and also for their beautiful flowers of course :-) One thing I learnt the hard way is that the fish hook spines of the Mammillaria plants behave like velcro when the plants get too close to each other, i.e. you should be very careful when planting several plants in the same container.

Three cacti window flower boxes on a row

I now have a total of three window flower boxes planted with cacti on the balcony; the two covered in this post plus the box planted with Echinocereus triglochidiatus, Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada), and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado). The latter box was planted last year and wintered outdoors on the balcony.

Sunday, May 19, 2013

Sunburned San Pedro cactus (Trichocereus pachanoi)

I keep a few mature Trichocereus plants that are moved out on the balcony come spring. While the Trichocereus peruvianus (Peruvian Torch cactus) and Trichocereus bridgesii plants usually take the transition to being exposed to the elements in stride, I always have to look out for my Trichocereus pachanoi (San Pedro cactus) not to get sunburned. Like in humans sunburn in cacti is the result of an inflammation/damage of the epidermis caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight; typically most severe in new growth.

San Pedro cactus developing a sunburn

Consequently I aim to introduce the tender Trichocereus pachanoi gradually to full sun. This spring I made sure to place the San Pedro in an area that lies in shade most of the day. I even heeded the weather reports and moved the plants indoors on sunny days. Still the San Pedro is developing a sunburn in the new growth area facing the sun - interestingly it doesn't seem to get sunburned at the growing point at the tip but always a bit down the side from it, probably because of the steeper angle of incidence of the sun rays and UV radiation.

Undamaged, bright green new San Pedro growth

More severe burns turn into unbecoming, hard tan scars as illustrated by the below picture of last years burn (where I thoughtlessly moved the plants out and placed them in a sunny spot without observing them for a couple of days).

Trichocereus pachanoi with sunburn from last year

A light sunburn can be outgrown but the hard scars are permanent.

I'll end this post on a more positive note with the image below of a Ginkgo biloba happily setting new leaves :-) The Ginkgo biloba grows on the balcony year-round.

Ginkgo biloba ushering in spring

All Time Most Popular Posts